As a counterpoint to the accounts of official visitors and military conquests, details of the lives of the settlers who established the five "Villas de Norte" of Nuevo Santander in 1749-1757 provide valuable insights into the lives of the people who made and defended their homes on the frontier. This project is a database of the residents of the Villas del Norte during the first 50 years that compiles data from birth, marriage, and death records; church padrones; wills; land titles; and official censuses to address questions that only detailed demographic studies can answer. Of particular interest is the relationship of town and ranch and the role of their respective settlement patterns and building types in the formation of local identity.

Plan of Mier and its porciones. Source: Texas General Land Office

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